Insects of the village
of the village
Peacock butterfly (inachis io)
It can be recognized by the conspicuous drawing of eyes on the top of the wings, which is supposed to deter the enemy. Occurs in dry and warm habitats. The butterfly produces two generations a year. It winters in attics, in cellars, in hollow tree trunks. Black caterpillars feed mainly on leaves.
size: 3 – 15 cm
Purple carabus (carabus violaceus)
At dusk and at night it climbs out of hiding places for food. It can run fast. It catches insects, mollusks and other small animals. Hard wings (rafters) are overgrown and the second pair of wings is missing. During the day it is mostly hidden under stones, tree bark and plant remains. It belongs to one of the most numerous families, it contains up to 25,000 species, while about 500 of them live in our country.
size: 25 – 35mm
Common tick (ixodes ricinus)
It is the most widespread species of pincer parasite in our region. Females can be attached to the host for 5 to 14 days, increasing their weight up to 200 times. The male sucks blood only minimally. The natural environment for ticks are moist forest and meadows, but also parks and the surroundings of watercourses. Their movement is limited, they are kept low in the bushes or in the grass.
size: 2.2-2.6 mm
Meadow grasshopper (chorthippus montanus)
The species is widespread throughout Europe, with the exception of the British Isles, and extends eastward through Turkey and Kazakhstan to Mongolia. It is a moisture-loving species, inhabiting mainly wet meadows and wetlands. The body color is most often green. They deliver a unique performance by being able to jump a distance twenty times longer than its entire body.
size: 17 – 25 mm – female
Spruce lyme eater (ips typographus)
size: 4-5.5 mm
Mountain / forest ant (formica rufa)
size: 4.5 – 9 mm
Honey bee (apis mellifera)
size: approx. 16 mm