Insects of the village

By Dominika Chládeková

Insects
of the village

Peacock butterfly (inachis io)

It can be recognized by the conspicuous drawing of eyes on the top of the wings, which is supposed to deter the enemy. Occurs in dry and warm habitats. The butterfly produces two generations a year. It winters in attics, in cellars, in hollow tree trunks. Black caterpillars feed mainly on leaves.

size: 3 – 15 cm

Purple carabus (carabus violaceus)

At dusk and at night it climbs out of hiding places for food. It can run fast. It catches insects, mollusks and other small animals. Hard wings (rafters) are overgrown and the second pair of wings is missing. During the day it is mostly hidden under stones, tree bark and plant remains. It belongs to one of the most numerous families, it contains up to 25,000 species, while about 500 of them live in our country.

size: 25 – 35mm

Common tick (ixodes ricinus)

It is the most widespread species of pincer parasite in our region. Females can be attached to the host for 5 to 14 days, increasing their weight up to 200 times. The male sucks blood only minimally. The natural environment for ticks are moist forest and meadows, but also parks and the surroundings of watercourses. Their movement is limited, they are kept low in the bushes or in the grass.

size: 2.2-2.6 mm

Meadow grasshopper (chorthippus montanus)

The species is widespread throughout Europe, with the exception of the British Isles, and extends eastward through Turkey and Kazakhstan to Mongolia. It is a moisture-loving species, inhabiting mainly wet meadows and wetlands. The body color is most often green. They deliver a unique performance by being able to jump a distance twenty times longer than its entire body.

size: 17 – 25 mm – female

Seven-spotted ladybird (coccinella septempunctata)

It occurs in various habitats from lowlands to mountainous areas. At first, it also feeds on pollen and nectar, but when the first aphids appear, gradually only those become its main food. Together with the ladybug, they are equally widespread and often occur in nature.
size: 5-8mm

Spruce lyme eater (ips typographus)

It is one of the most important forest pests in Central Europe. In the conditions of Slovakia, it most often has 2-3 generations a year. The first swarming begins on days when the average temperature exceeds 16 ° C (the actual swarming takes place at temperatures above 20 ° C).
size: 4-5.5 mm

Mountain / forest ant (formica rufa)

This species occurs naturally in Europe and Minor Asia, but today it can also be found in North America. It is able to squirt formic acid out of its ass, which it uses mostly for defense. Large colonies can have 100,000 to 400,000 workers and 100 queens. It is estimated that the mass of all ants on Earth is equal to the mass of all humans.
size: 4.5 – 9 mm

Honey bee (apis mellifera)

From a sociological point of view, the bee colony is a family made up of a mother and her descendants – workers and laborers. Every worker has a relatively short life. Three days after hatching, it cleans the combs and prepares them for laying eggs. Then it takes care of the larvae for about ten days. After the twelfth day, it comes out of the hive. From the twenty-first day, it flies around, bringing water, nectar and pollen.
size: approx. 16 mm