Flora of the village

By Dominika Chládeková

Flora
of the village

Cichorium intybus

Also known as chicory, cigorka, chaganka, Hanička, St. Peter’s pepper.

It grows like a weed on calcareous soils, borders, pastures, meadows, it likes places lit by the sun. The root is used for problems with the liver, gallbladder and kidney and urinary stones. Leaf teas can be used to treat jaundice, spleen and liver diseases.

It blooms between July and September

Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot is a well-known medicinal plant that is used internally and externally.

It is part of several pharmaceutically prepared teas. It is used especially for respiratory diseases, digestive problems, regulates metabolism, difficult to heal wounds, eczema, swelling, etc.

It blooms between March and May.

Centaurium minus


The effects of this herb on our body are really beneficial. It very effectively supports digestive processes, excretion of bile and digestive juices and increases intestinal peristalsis. It removes aversion to food and at the same time increases the body’s immunity.

It is also recommended to drink if you suffer from diseases of the gallbladder and liver. It is an excellent remedy against heartburn. The lesser land grows on sunny, especially southern grassy slopes, pastures, cuttings, in sparse shrubs with moist soil.

It blooms between June and September.

Pulmonaria officinalis


If pulmonaria is already blooming, we know that the herbal season is beginning.

It grows in red, shady, mineral-rich habitats. It provides bees with rich nectar and a little pollen. The hairy leaves, often with light spots, resembled to our ancestors sick lungs, which it also cured.

It grows to a height of 10 to 30 centimeters and its leaves are finished with pink flowers. Sometimes these flowers turn purple after blooming, other times you will find them in white. After pollination, they even tend to turn blue.

It blooms between March and May.

Primula veris


The main medicinal value of primrose is in the content of aponin, which dilutes mucus in the bronchi and lungs, which facilitates coughing and at the same time has an anti-inflammatory effect. Flowers and leaves are also rich in vitamin C and beta-carotene, which have antioxidant properties and help strengthen the immune system.

Primrose flowers are a good ingredient in respiratory inhalation mixtures and herbal baths.

Primrose flowers can sometimes cause contact allergic reactions in sensitive people (reddening of the skin, blisters).

It blooms between April and May.

Agrimonia eupatoria

Agrimonia is very widely used. Its advantage is that it is harmless and does not burden internal organs. Agrimonia is used not only by herbalists, but also by plastic surgeons and pediatricians. It has an amazing ability to strengthen the skin and regenerate it after injuries. The anti-inflammatory effects of agrimonia were already known in ancient Egypt.

Agrimonia is an herb that grows to a height of 50 to 100 cm. It is a perennial plant with an interesting appearance. The stem is covered with fine hairs and the leaves are serrated and hairy. It has small yellow flowers with a sticky fruit, growing in inflorescences. It is said that agrimonia has a pleasant apple scent. However, you have to see for yourself.

It blooms between July and August.

Plantago lanceolata


It is called the mother of plants. Plantago is often used for respiratory problems, but also for poorly healing wounds, burns, rashes. It can be used to make tea, poultices, tinctures, lotions and syrup.

The leaves form a ground rosette, they are broadly ovate with a weak hairy blade passing sharply into a long stalk with strongly protruding veins. The shoots are grooved, long, at the top they bear an ear of flowers composed of small white flowers. The fruit is a two-capsule capsule with one seed in each capsule. The seeds are black-brown. The dried leaves are green, slightly bitter, do not smell and have characteristic veins.

It grows in meadows, fields, grasslands along roads and in ditches. The leaves are first dried in the sun and dried in the shade or under artificial conditions. The stems are removed at harvest. It has no negative effects!

It blooms between May and September.

Rumex acetosa


Perennial herb up to 70 cm tall with a ribbed reddish tinge. The leaves contain oxalic acid, which gives the plant a sour taste. Young leaves contain a lot of vitamins and iron, so they are excellent and healthy vegetables.

It is one of the largest producers of pollen: one plant produces up to 400 million pollen grains during flowering.

In the past, young juice leaves were used as vegetables, or in soups or salads.

It blooms between May and August.